How to have the Attitude of a Researcher!
Since we are surrounded by people and we are constantly interacting with them, we tend to form opinions on their appearance and compare people to another…This might be natural, but it might not bring you or those people very much satisfaction or happiness! I think that by studying the “scientific spirit” and applying it to your life will help both you and your daily encounters to achieve minimal misunderstandings that can make relationships bond no matter what the case! By the end of this article, you should have a clear understanding on how a researcher or scientist might handle things with a formal attitude! This might not be the best attitude to have, but it is clearly the most compatible and effective.
To start off, it is important to understand where this attitude originated: The term “Social Sciences” means to study all types of human conditions and behavior. The study of social sciences have acquired the methods from the physical sciences. The social sciences study the human condition and behavior systematically and use the same methodology as the physical sciences. Because social science follows the same system as physical science, it is different and more unique than other types of human study.
What is science? How does it differ from common sense?
Science is completely different from common sense. People from the past have tried to create theories and believe what they have theorized. However, when they attempted this they failed realize that they were missing a complete step of success. People were coming to conclusions before doing investigation. Later on, scientists discovered a new way to obtain information called: the scientific approach. The scientific approach is a way to prove something and it consists of the scientific spirit, objectivity, and ethical neutrality. Basically, a scientist is to do research with:
•having doubt and skepticism,
• he is to have no personal attitudes or judgements attached,
• and lastly, the results are never to be considered final.
Without these rules, the conclusions may not be valid. So these are some very important things to remember when you are interacting with all people around you…say you have this co-worker who likes to complain a lot…are these traits something to blame the person for?…Is it that person’s fault they are complaining, it sure could be! They might have the ability to change to create a more pleasant atmosphere; or perhaps this person was raised up with their parents complaining a lot, therefore inherited the grouchy attitude. Or what if this person was just born with this attitude…Is this possibility final? -Nope, perhaps any of these reasons could be credited, but there is no way to tell which one is correct! Even with what seems to be super proof to an existence, there is always chance for other possibilities unless it is mathematically proved! So, if you asked this person why he was crabby all the time and he gave you an excuse of “everyone else does, so I do,” this could be true, but this could also be a lie (causing inconsistency with what seemed like proof.)
A guy named H.W. Wilson proposed the theory that consilience is a requisite (requirement) for success when dealing with the social sciences. He states that the methods used by physicists can greatly benefit and complement the search for answers among the things that social sciences may question. So, in this case: biology (the physical science) is the core of psychology (the social science.) To study the social aspect of science, one must consider studying the physical aspect too. For example: the human brain is the physical part of the mind which is the mental part. To study how the mind works, scientists can study the brain to gain more knowledge over the situation. So a balanced perspective among the natural and social sciences is paramount for complete understanding.
The scientific method is a structure set of rules to follow when a skilled researcher is out to research a problem. There rules are specified and they must exist in order for a favorable outcome. First, a skilled professional must select a problem then generate a plan of action. Another mandate is that the scientific observation must take place under controlled conditions, he or she must consider precision to be an important factor of his findings. In order for the results to be certain, verification and careful checking should exist.
The scientific method consists of:
1. Selecting a problem (Defining Topic)
2. Reviewing literature (To see if this was not an already researched subject.)
3. Form a hypothesis (An educated guess)
4. Develop research design (How will you conduct the research?)
5. Conduct the research
6. Verifying the research (Is everything correct?)
7. Generalizing (drawing conclusions)